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January 4, 2015

TIMELINE

by ina asim — Categories: Class NewsComments Off on TIMELINE

TIMELINE B.C.E.

-17th cent.: foundation of the Shang (Yin-)Dynasty – beginning of the bronze age in Asia

– 1384 – ca. 1025; ‘oracle bone’ inscriptions

ca. -1025: victory of the Zhou over the Shang; beginning of the Western Zhou

ca. -1000: begin of horseback riding in western Asia

-10th – 9th cent.: first inscriptions on bronze vessels

– 841: begin of dated history in China

– 827 – 704: northern nomadic ‘barbarians’ attack Chinese states with their sedentary population

– 771: Due to aggressions from neighboring states the Zhou leave their capital behind and move to Loyang, where they build a new capital

– 479: Death of Confucius (traditional date) Kongzi (Master Kong)

– 478: Buddha attaining Nirvana (traditional date)

– ca. 381: Death of Mozi (Master Mo)

– ca. 300: Death of Zhuangzi (Master Zhuang)

– ca. 277: Death of Mengzi (Master Meng)

– 246: Begin of the rule of King Zheng of Qin, who later becomes the first emperor of China

– 235: Death of Xunzi (Master Xun)

– 221: Founding of the Qin empire

– 213: The first burning of books

– 210: Death of the first emperor

– 209 Begin of a civil war

– 206 End of the Qin Dynasty

– 202: Founding of the Han Dynasty

– 200: Chang’an becomes the Han capital

– 199: Rules established to reglement conspicuous consumption by merchants

-167: Amputation is eliminated from the code of punishments; it is replaced by forced labor

– 165: First official exams for the selection of civil officials

C.E.

– 2: First known population census: 57 671 400 individuals (12 366 470 families)

– 9-23: Interregnum of Wang Mang who reduces the status of the old Han nobility to that of ordinary citizens

– 25: founding of the Later or Eastern Han, capital: Loyang

– 65: first mention of a Buddhist community at Pengcheng, Jiangsu province

– 92: Death of Ban Gu, author of the ‘History of the Han-Dynasty’

– ca 117: Death of Ban Zhao, sister and collaborator of Ban Gu

– 184: Rebellion of the Yellow Turbans

– 190: Members of the Daoist ‘Five Bushels of Rice’- sect create an independent state in Sichuan

– 220: End of Later Han

– 220-280: Three Kingdoms (Wei in the North: 220-265; Shu-Han in Sichuan: 221-265; Wu in the South: 222-280); described in the History of the Three Kingdoms, published in 285

– 265-420: Western Jin Dynasty

– 317-420: Eastern Jin Dynasty

– 386 Founding of the Northern Wei Dynasty

– 420-589: Southern and Northern Dynasties

in the South: (Liu) Song: 420-479; Southern Qi: 479-502; Liang (502-557); Chen (557-589)
in the North: Northern Wei: 386-534 Eastern Wei: 534-550; Western Wei: 535-556   Northern Qi: 550-577; Northern Zhou: 557-581 Later Liang: 555-587

– 581-618: Unification under the Sui Dynasty

– 618- 907: The Golden Age of the Tang Dynasty

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